課文:

Listening to music these days often involves headphones, but it wasn’t always a solitary activity. Take the jukebox. You’d put a coin into the machine, select a song, and then punch a button with a letter and a number on it. Then you – and everyone else nearby – would listen as the machine played your selection from a vinyl record.

solitary:單獨的、獨自的、孤立的、獨立的
solitude:孤單
jukebox:自動點唱機
punch:用拳猛擊、用力按(= press)
nearby:(= close by)
vinyl:塑膠
vinyl record:黑膠唱片

Early beginnings

This music machine was introduced 125 years ago at the Palais Royal Saloon in San Francisco. On November 23, 1889, Louis Glass and his partner first displayed their machine there. While this saloon only survived one year after that, the machine was a sensation, resulting in several orders for more.

saloon:交讕廳、酒吧
survive:在…仍然生存、殘留
sensation:轟動的人或事物、感受
sens-:感覺

Moving to the music

By 1940, the machine was being referred to as a jukebox. The word juke probably used to mean rowdy, as in the way people might dance to music with a strong beat. And places that played such music in the American South were called juke joints.

From the 1940s to the 1960s, you could find a jukebox in almost every soda shop or saloon in America. Although jukeboxes are antiques now, they helped give generations an affordable way to experience music together.

refer to:提到、談論
rowdy:吵鬧的、喧鬧的、吵雜的
beat:拍子
joint:小酒館
antique:古董(的)、古玩
generation:世代、一代
affordable:負擔得起的


文法:
… these days often involves …
(做…活動需要…)

特別補充:
record
:唱片
cassette:卡式錄音帶
compact disc:CD
analog:類比訊號
digital:數位訊號

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