課文:

Dogs tend to jump up naturally to greet people because they’re eager and excited. While your dog’s intentions are harmless, some people might perceive this behavior as annoying. And it can be particularly dangerous if you have a large dog jumping up on a child or elderly person. The American Kennel Club (AKC) offers the following tips to help stop your dog from jumping on people.

greet:問候、打招呼
eager:熱切的、熱心的
intention:意圖、目的
intend:計畫、打算
harmless:無害的
perceive:理解、察覺
annoying:討厭的、惱人的
annoy:打擾、使人討厭
American Kennel Club (AKC
):美國畜犬協會

Ignore the jumping. The best way to teach your dog not to jump is to show him that jumping won’t get him any attention – positive or negative. Ignore your dog when he jumps on you. Don’t make any eye contact or speak until all four feet are on the floor. At that point, calmly praise your pup.

calmly:平靜地
praise:讚揚、稱讚
pup:幼犬

Turn your back. Another tactic is turning your back on your dog until he stops jumping. Once he stops, turn around and praise him and then pet him.

Incompatible behaviors. Teach your dog to do something incompatible with jumping. For example, your dog can’t jump while he is sitting or lying down. Teach your dog “sit” or “down” as an alternative. Calmly praise and reward your dog when he holds the sit or down.

tactic:戰略、戰術、手法
turn one’s back on:置之不理、棄…於不顧、對…不聞不問
pet:寵愛、撫弄
incompatible:矛盾的、不相容的
in-:否定用
compatible:相容的、協調的
alternative:二選一的、替代的


文法:
… - positive or negative.
(無論是正面或負面都一樣,沒有例外)

特別補充:
a dog
:失敗之作
the dog day:酷熱期
work like a dog:很辛苦賣力的工作
I’m dog-tired:很累
a dog-eat-dog world:弱肉強食、爾虞我詐的世界
top dog:組織或團隊的領導人
lucky dog:運氣很好的傢伙
doggy:狗

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