課文:

Did you put on perfume or cologne today? If so, you are carrying on a long tradition that began in early Egypt.

Ancient drawings dating back to around 3500 B.C. show Egyptians using fragrances. They used them in their religious services. They also used scented oils to clean their skin. From Egypt, the use of perfume spread to Greece, Rome and beyond.

perfume:(濃度高、持續力強的)香水
cologne:(濃度淡、持續力短的)古龍水
be carry on:(= keeping tradition going)
date back:追溯
fragrance:香水、香氛、香味、芳香
fragrant:芬芳的
religious:宗教的、認真的
scent:發出香味、嗅出
scented:(adj)
spread:普及、散布、播傳

The Greeks are thought to have been the first to make liquid perfumes. Their method was to mix heavy oils and fragrant powders. In early Rome men often shaved their faces. They would rub fragrance into their skin as part of the process.

liquid:液態的
powder:粉、粉末
shave:刮鬍子、修面
rub:擦上

Perfume goes to Europe

Perfumes were brought to Europe around the 11th century by Arab and Persian traders. In 1370 in Hungary, the first modern cologne was made for the queen. It was made by mixing scented oils with alcohol and other liquids.

But France would take the art of perfume-making to a whole new level.

trader:商人
alcohol:酒精、含有酒精的飲料


文法:
take … to a whole new level
(帶領…邁向全新層次、使更上一層樓)

特別補充:
aftershave
:修臉潤膚露
shaver:刮鬍刀
date:日期、註明日期
to date someone:與…約會
put on perfume:擦香水(= wear perfume)

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